The nine days of navratri are very important for the people in India. During these days, people worship different forms of Maa Durga and follow their respective traditions. One of them is Jaware poojan without which the navratri puja is incomplete. It is believed that when the earth was created, Jaware was the first crop which grew above the ground. It is used in hawan to offer it to gods and goddesses. Jaware is also the first crop of spring season, which is offered to Goddess Durga.
Earth denotes endurance, fertility and a giving nature. Jaware are sown on the first day and as the days pass, they are watered with faith and devotion, and they sprout spreading life and energy in the environment. It is also said that Jaware also predicts the future by giving some indications. If the Jaware grows at its full speed and stay healthy, it shows that there will be happiness in the family and all will prosper. But, if they grow slow and fade, the opposite is said to be true.
Jaware Sthapana and Rules
There are certain rules for the jaware sthapana or kalash sthapana. The best time for the jaware sthapana is the first one-third part of the day. This means the first eight hours. In any other case, the most appropriate time is Abhijit Muhurat.
Jaware sthapana must be avoided when chitra nakshatra and vaidhriti yoga are prevailing. In some cases, this period is not completely prohibited. It is a must that jaware sthapana should be performed before the mid of the Hindu daytime of pratipada tithi. You can consider the dual effect ascendant (Dwi-svabhava lagna). Pisces (dwi svabhava lagna meen) prevails during the morning of the chaitra navratri pratipada. This time can be very good if the conditions are suitable
It must be noted that jaware sthapana is prohibited after 16 ghatis from sunrise. This means you can not perform the sthapana after half hindu day. Auspicious nakshatra which are to be considered for the jaware sthapana are: Pushya, Uttara, Phalguni, Uttarashadha, Uttarabhadrapada, hasta, revati, rohini, ashwani, moola, sravana, dhanishta, punarvasu.
Steps of Jaware Sthapana
For jaware sthapana, you will need a pot made of mud or copper with big open mouth, silver or copper or mud pot to be used as kalash, sand or soil, jaware seeds, idol of goddess durga or any of her form, flowers, water, sandalwood paste, grass, akshata which is rice mixed with turmeric powder, betel nut, gold coin or silver, other pooja samagri.
You need to get up early in the morning on the first day of navratri. Clean up the pooja room, bath and wear clean laundered clothes. Take the mud pot with large mouth open and fill it with soil. Now, sow Jaw seeds in it while chanting mantras dedicated to lord Varuna. If you don't know this mantra, you can recite any mantra related to goddess Shakti.
Now place the idol of Goddess Durga near the mud pot. Take the silver pot which is made to be the kalash. Fill it with water, sandalwood paste, flowers, druva grass, akshata, betel nut, and gold coin. After filling it with these, put a coconut over the kalash. Now bind the kalash neck with sacred red thread and lit the lamps and perform the aarti. Then offer prasad to all the god and goddesses and sprinkle the water.